Himalayan VOICES High Himalaya FORUM Himalayan Heritage  
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Deforestation and climatic changes in the Himalayan region, compounded by overuse of the medicinal and aromatic plants that grow in the region, and the destructive harvesting practices used, and the absence of positive interventions of soil & water conservation measures, have led to the valuable medicinal & aromatic plants of the Himalayan region getting depleted at an alarming rate. Cultivation of high-value herbal species as alternative cash crops by local communities, has potential however as an alternative channel of supply. Besides, these species are endemic to the region, giving the Himalayan farmer a definite competitive advantage in these species, vis a vis other cash crops. Pragya is working with a few progressive Himalayan farmers on the study of high-value Himalayan herbs and the development of Cultivation Packages for Himalayan MAPs (Medicinal & Aromatic Plants). Himalayan farmers are trained in these agro-techniques and assisted to undertake cultivation of select high-value herbs on a micro scale, and market their harvests to the pharma industry.

Species: Allium carolinianum/A. stracheyi
Family: Liliaceae
Common/Local Name: Jambu, Farn, Wild onion
Status: Rare
Distribution and habitat: The species is naturally distributed in East Asia from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Kashmir Himalayas to the Central Himalayas and in Nepal. The natural habitat of the plant is forest...
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Species: Angelica glauca
Family: Apiaceae, Umbelliferae
Common/Local Name: Choru, Chora, Gandrayan
Status: Rare; Threatened in western Himalayas (Handa, 1996) and critically endangered (Molur and Walker, 1998)
Distribution and habitat: Angelica glauca is naturally distributed in the entire Hindukush Himalayas including Afghanistan, Pakistan and northwest to central Himalayas at an altitude range of 1800-3700...
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Species: Arnebia euchroma
Family: Boraginaceae
Common/Local Name: Ratanjot, Laljari, Masreen
Status: Critically Endangered (IUCN)
Distribution and habitat: Ratanjot occurs principally in the alpine and sub alpine zones of Kashmir, Kumaon, Garhwal and Nepal on open slopes and shrubberies in the altitudinal range of 3000-4300 m. Some of...
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Species: Bunium persicum/Bunium bulbocastanum
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
Common/Local Name: Black cumin, Kalajira, Umbu, Siahzira
Status: Endangered (IUCN)
Distribution and habitat:The plant is common in southeastern Europe, Siberia and western Asia. It is a native of Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. In Himachal Pradesh, the species is...
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Species: Carum carvi
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
Common/Local Name: Caraway seed, Carum, Kumblik, Jeera, Karpo, Koniet (Jammu and Kashmir), Khonyot (Spiti, Himachal Pradesh), Shingu (Lahaul, Himachal Pradesh), Shia jeera (Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh), Shahi Jeera/shingu jeera (Uttaranchal), Mawo, Dru (Himachal Pradesh).
Status: Not Evaluated (IUCN)
Distribution and habitat:The plant is native to Europe and West Asia. It is commonly found in moist meadows, arable land and wastelands from lowlands to mountains. In India the species is available in the wild...
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Species: Dactylorhiza hatagirea
Family: Orchidaceae
Common/Local Name: Salampanja, Hatthajari, Panja, Hathpanja, Salep.
Status: Critically endangered (CAMP), Critically rare (IUCN), Appendix II (CITES)
Distribution and habitat: The species is generally found at an elevation of 2500-3500 m, near the timberline and in moist places in alpine and sub-alpine regions from Pakistan to southeast Tibet. It grows wild...
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Species: Dioscorea deltoidea
Family: Dioscoreaceae
Common/Local Name: Elephant’s foot, Wild Yam, Dioscorea, Singli-mingli (Himachal), Kins, Ganj (Himachal), Genthi (Uttarakhand)
Status: Near threatened (IUCN)
Distribution and habitat:Dioscorea deltodea is naturally found in temperate to sub-alpine regions of the Himalayas ranging from 1000-3500 m in Pakistan, India, Nepal and southwest China. It is fairly common in...
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Species: Inula racemosa
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Common/Local Name: Poshkar (Kashmir), Pushkarmool, Mannu (Lahaul), Manuchar, Minchenmarpo (Ladakh)
Status: The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) in 1988 reported that the plant became vulnerable as the natural population of the species has been depleted due to indiscriminate collection from the wild and the harvest is mainly destructive because the root is the main raw harvest. The species has been found critically endangered nationally (BCCP, CAMP, 1998). The species is considered Critically Endangered (CR) by the IUCN.
Distribution and habitat:The plant is found in the Indian northwestern Himalayas at altitudes ranging from 1600-4200 m from Afghanistan to Central Nepal. In Jammu and Kashmir the species is available in Poggal...
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Species: Jurinea dolomiaea Boiss.
Family: Compositae (Asteraceae)
Common/Local Name: Guggal dhup, guggal, dhup
Status: Depleted in most areas (CIMAP, 1997)
Distribution and habitat:The species is naturally found in the high altitude Himalayas between 3500-5000 m in open alpine slopes. In Himachal Pradesh the plant is found in alpine and sub-alpine pastures of...
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