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ENVIRONMENT, BIODIVERSITY, FORESTS
Environmental concerns have taken centre stage across most parts of the world though a common understanding of causes and solutions appears illusive at present. Nowhere has this been more clearly demonstrated than at the COP-15 meeting at Copenhagen in Dec'09 where 192 countries failed to come to any common understanding, let alone any legally binding agenda. Find here international policy documents that relate to the environment and ecology, biodiversity, forests and associated aspects such as community rights over forests, traditional knowledge, trade in forest products...
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No of documents found: 24
International policy documents
that relate to the environment and
ecology, biodiversity, forests and
associated aspects...
 
 
Title: Agenda 21

Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment. The programme areas that constitute Agenda 21 are described in terms of the basis for action, objectives, activities and means of implementation. Agenda 21...

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Title: Amendment to the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

The UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters was adopted on 25th June 1998 in the Danish city of Aarhus at the Fourth Ministerial Conference in the "Environment for Europe" process. It applies to 40 countries in Europe. The Convention is a new kind of environmental agreement. It...

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Title: Amendments to Articles 25 and 26 of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Trans-boundary Watercourses and International Lakes

On 28 November 2003, the Parties to the Water Convention adopted amendments to articles 25 and 26. The amendments have been ratified by 10 Parties and will enter into force with 23...

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Title: Bali Action Plan (2007) to UNFCCC

The Bali Road Map includes the Bali Action Plan, which charts the course for a new negotiating process designed to tackle climate change, with the aim of completing this by 2009. Much progress towards a post Kyoto regime was taken up and the coming on board of USA at the two week long conference was...

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Title: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity

The objective of this Protocol is to contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking into account risks to human health, and specifically focusing on...

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Title: CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement that aims is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Annually, international wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars and to include hundreds of millions of plant and...

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Title: Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

The UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters was adopted on 25th June 1998 in the Danish city of Aarhus at the Fourth Ministerial Conference in the "Environment for Europe" process. It applies to 40 countries in Europe. The Convention is a new kind of environmental agreement. It...

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Title: Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has 3 main objectives: (a) To conserve biological diversity; (b) The use biological diversity in a sustainable fashion; (C) To share the benefits of biological diversity fairly and equitably. The treaty defines biodiversity as "the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine...

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Title: Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (also known as CMS or Bonn Convention) aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range. It is an intergovernmental treaty, concluded under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, concerned with the conservation of wildlife and habitats on a global...

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Title: Convention on the Protection and Use of Trans-boundary Watercourses and International Lakes

The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) is intended to strengthen national measures for the protection and ecologically sound management of transboundary surface waters and groundwaters. The Convention obliges Parties to prevent, control and reduce water pollution from point and non-point sources. The...

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Title: Declaration Of The High-Level Conference On World Food Security: The Challenges Of Climate Change And Bio-energy

The Conference through the Declaration called on the international community to increase assistance for developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and those that are most negatively affected by high food prices. It noted, "It is essential to address the fundamental question of how to increase the resilience of present food production systems to...

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Title: Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters

To promote a strategic and systematic approach to reducing vulnerabilities and risks to hazards and it underscores the need for, and identifies ways of, building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. The plan of action identifies a need to enhance international and regional cooperation and assistance in the field of disaster risk reduction through: The...

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Title: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

The ISDR (February 2008) aims at building disaster resilient communities by promoting increased awareness of the importance of disaster reduction as an integral component of sustainable development, with the goal of reducing human, social, economic and environmental losses due to natural hazards and related technological and environmental disasters. It operates through five...

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Title: Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change & Amendment to Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year...

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Title: Lusaka Agreement on Co-operative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora

The first African Wildlife Law Enforcement Co-operation Conference that was held in Lusaka Zambia from 9-11th December 1992 first conceptualized the Agreement during deliberations. The Conference, which was attended by senior officers from Eastern and Southern Countries, pointed out lack of cooperation as one of the problems faced by national law enforcement agencies in...

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Title: Protocol on Water and Health to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Trans-boundary Watercourses and International Lakes

Under the Convention, the Protocol on Water and Health was adopted in London on 17 June 1999, and the Protocol on Civil Liability was adopted in Kiev on 21 May...

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Title: Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat

The official name of the treaty, ‘The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat’, reflects the original emphasis upon the conservation and wise use of wetlands primarily as habitat for waterbirds. Over the years, however, the Convention has broadened its scope of implementation to cover all aspects of wetland conservation...

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Title: Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly - Natural disasters and vulnerability

This resolution [59/233] looks at natural disasters and vulnerability in the overall context of climate change, Kyoto protocol and as part of the efforts on Sustainable Development and pushes for an inclusive look at all these elements under he worldwide Disaster Reduction...

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Title: Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

Reaffirming the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, adopted at Stockholm on 16 June 1972, and seeking to build upon it, with the goal of establishing a new and equitable global partnership through the creation of new levels of cooperation among States, key sectors of societies and people, which respect the interests of all and protect the...

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Title: The Bishkek Declaration to protect the Earth’s mountain ecosystems

The participants in the Bishkek Global Mountain Summit, the culminating global event of the International Year of Mountains 2002, came up with the Declaration under Chapter 13, Agenda 21 (Managing fragile ecosystems: sustainable mountain development). Including elements from the MDG’s the Declaration focuses on the role and needs of mountain ecosystems and the importance...

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Title: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa

Land degradation and desertification threaten the livelihoods of over 1 billion people in more than 110 countries - the UNCCD is therefore a global response to this shared problem. The Convention was established as a result of the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, in 1992 and is the first international treaty to recognize the linkages between poverty and environmental...

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Title: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The convention aims to achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a...

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Title: World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition

As a basis for the Plan of Action for Nutrition and guidance for formulation of national plans of action, including the development of measurable goals and objectives within time frames, the Declaration (Rome, December 1992) pledges to make all efforts to eliminate before the end of 2000: famine and famine-related deaths; starvation and nutritional deficiency diseases in...

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Title: Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World

At the midpoint of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, the World Conference had identified, on the basis of national reports and technical discussions a course of action up to the end of the decade
(Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World: Guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation 
World Conference on...

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