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Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Policy Updates

International
The biggest item on the Internal calendar is the COP-15 under UNFCCC to be held at...
To celebrate the International Mountain Day on December 11, 2009 “Summiteers Summit to Save the Himalayas”...
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Country-level
The Government of India has recognized the demarcation of the “Himalayas” as a separate region within India under the National Action Plan for Climate Change...
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INTERNATIONAL POLICY ENVIRONMENT
Convention, Declarations, Strategies, Agendas, and Legal Instruments that have a bearing on the Himalayas and their inhabitants.

Environment

Environmental concerns have taken centre stage across most parts of the world though a common understanding of causes and solutions appears illusive at present. Nowhere has this been more clearly demonstrated than at the COP-15 meeting at Copenhagen in Dec ’09 where 192 countries...
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Sustainable Development

The whole issue of sustainable development has been severely impacted by the need to balance the rights and aspirations of less developed economies with primarily carbon based energy engines driving these initiatives. The issue of per capita emission targets across the board and the currently...

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Culture, Rights

While much has been done on regarding culture and rights of indigenous people, the harsh economic environment over the last couple of years due to melt down of financial systems across large parts of the world is leading to these issues being relegated to much lower down the scale of importance...
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Special groups

The slippages in achieving the targets set under the MDG’s seem to suggest that due efforts and necessary funding to achieve the goal of protection of rights and needs of various categories are lacking. With even the normal patterns of unemployment and lack of shelter, [to take the most obvious...

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Trade & Economy

The failure to achieve closure at the WTO meetings [the Doha round] and the vexing question of agricultural subsides across certain developing countries / groups implies a long and tough road ahead. Though much is being done by civil society players, ‘voting with their purse’ as it were, in terms of overall international trade figures, these are miniscule in absolute terms, though showing a surge in terms of the low base of a few years ago. This section contains policies and laws that apply globally and aim to ensure fair...

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COUNTRY POLICY ENVIRONMENT
Instruments to serve the Himalayan region and people in the concerned countries in Asia.
India Policies
The policies that have a bearing on the Himalayan region include policies of the central government in India as well as those adopted by the states with parts that lie in the Himalayan region. Policies pertain to administration, management and use of forests, rights of tribal communities, among others. The national five-year plans also outline State action and directives with respect to development of mountain areas and their tribal communities.
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Nepal Policies

As a wholly Himalayan nation, all policies of the Nepal government are Himalaya-specific. To achieve regional balance, among high mountain, hill and tarai, as well as east to west, the country has been zoned into multiple development zones, and the national plans and policies have tended to adopt this regional approach and focus. However, in the current political context of the country, most policies and programmes are in a state of flux...

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Other Himalayan Countries

The policies and plans of the other countries that the Greater Himalayan region spans, address the Himalayan people and region in those countries, although most have tended to follow uniform development policies and plans and neglected mountain specificities. Certain unique development approaches and programmes have however emerged that would have value for the region as a whole. For instance, the concept of Gross National Happiness promoted by Bhutan that recognizes the importance...

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Convention on Biological Diversity in International Conventions

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has 3 main objectives: (a) To conserve biological diversity; (b) The use biological diversity in a sustainable fashion;
(c) To share the benefits of biological diversity fairly and equitably.The treaty defines biodiversity as "the variability among living organisms...

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Agenda 21 in International Declarations

Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment. The programme areas that constitute Agenda 21 are described in terms...

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Hill Area Development Programme

in Schemes & Programmes

HADP has been in operation since the inception of the Fifth Five-Year Plan and is being implemented for the integrated development of designated hill areas. The main objective of this programme is to ensure ecologically sustainable socio-economic development of hill areas, keeping in view the basic needs...

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Environmental Protection Act of Nepal 2053 (1996) in Nepal Policies
The foundation of the legal structure for environmental assessment and mitigation in Nepal was laid by the Environmental Protection Act 2053 (1996) and the subsequent Environmental Protection Rules 2054 (1997), which were further revised on 2055 (1999). This Act is supported by various...
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Impact of Climate Change on Himalayan Glaciers
in Mountain Issues
As a consequence of global climate change the Himalayan glaciers and glacial lakes are changing at alarming rates. Himalayan glaciers are retreating at rates ranging from 10 to 60m per year while many small ones (<0.2 sq.km) have already disappeared. The publication seeks to track the effects of climate...
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Mountain Issues
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POLICY RESEARCH & CRITIQUES
Opinions of various authors on what's wrong with existing policies, or on what should be the shape of policies to better serve our mountain communities.
Dissatisfaction with current conditions is the source of progress and the initiation of the future. Criticism of existing policies and thorough analyses of current conditions, should be viewed as aids to policy development. This section presents a collection of articles, writings, and researches, aimed at critiquing existing policies, while providing facts and alternative ways for addressing development issues in the Himalayan region.
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Environment and rural development in Darjeeling Himalaya: Issues and concerns

The paper seeks to highlight the major environmental and developmental issues in the Darjeeling Himalayan region. It emphasizes the need for a comprehensive regional strategy for sustainable regional development, capable of addressing social, economic, political, demographic and environmental issues in this fragile, strategic region...

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