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WELFARE AND INFRASTRUCTURE
The welfare and infrastructure status of the Himalayan region has been assessed by Himalaya Research, using a mix of participatory research and objective indicators. Studies have brought out issues with respect to education, information services, health conditions, etc., and have suggested policy measures and innovations in development practice to address the welfare and infrastructure gaps in the Himalayan region.
Title: Common Energy Facilities Based on Renewable Sources--Enabling Sustainable Development in Highland Areas in the Indian Himalayas
Author: Banerji, G. and Baruah, M.
Source: MRD Journal, Vol.26, No.2, may 2006
Year: 2006
Publisher: MRD
Abstracts:Paucity of energy is one of the major bottlenecks to development in the high Himalayas. This paper presents the initial results of a pilot project that was implemented in the district of Lahaul and Spiti in the Western Indian Himalayas. The MVPower (Mountain Village Power) model comprises the development of decentralized energy facilities for improving rural welfare facilities; creating sustainable, niche-sector enterprise clusters; and providing alternatives to overuse of natural resources through Common Energy Facility (CEF).
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Title: Renewable Energy Applications in Lahaul & Spiti - A Technology Assessment & Development Brief
Author: Appropriate Technology Team, Pragya
Source: Pragya
Year: 2005
Publisher: Pragya, India
Abstracts:Lack of energy availability remains one of the key constraints in the development of the Himalayan region. There is an acute need for utilisation of renewable energy sources in the Himalayas - to improve the quality of life of the indigenous communities and to enable sustainable economic development. The report analyses the energy situation in the cold desert of Lahaul and Spiti and also presents an assessment of the potential renewable energy technology options for the region such as solar energy, wind energy, geothermal power and hydropower.
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Title: An Analysis of Socio - Cultural, Economic and Livelihood Options of People of Upper Mustang, Nepal
Author: Pokharel, B.
Source: Pragya
Year: 2009
Publisher: Pragya, India
Abstracts:The paper summaries the findings of a study conducted in the Upper Mustang region of Nepal to analyze and document the socio-cultural characteristics, economic characteristics and livelihood options. Upper Mustang is a cold desert with the economy primarily based on the livestock and trans-border trade and where poor road connectivity makes provision of services difficult, inadequate & inefficient. The report seeks to explore the opportunity for development of the region and identify critical areas for development interventions.
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Title: A Pragya Brief on the status of Education in the High Altitude Himalayas
Author: Social Development Team, Pragya
Source: Pragya
Year: 2006
Publisher: Pragya, India
Abstracts:Despite India having the largest education system in the world, the task of providing effective and relevant education to all the children has remained difficult. The administration continues to grapple with the problems of inadequate access, poor quality and inefficiency in the schooling system that are most strongly felt in the remote and disadvantaged stretches, the High Altitude Himalayas being one such region. The report presents the findings of a survey conducted across the region to assess the status of education, identify the factors inhibiting proper access to it and devising strategies to overcome the obstacles.
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Title: Infrastructure development in the Himalayas
Author: High Himalaya Forum
Source: Pragya
Year: 2012
Publisher: Pragya
Abstracts:Over the past two centuries, the Himalayan natural landscape has seen man trying to conquer it with roads, electricity, communication, as technology takes quantum leaps to triumph over the vagaries of nature. But the pertinent question that arises is that are we doing justice to the ecology of this invaluable geological and bio-diverse region? The high altitude Himalayan regions, with which we are concerned here, present a number of difficulties to the development of infrastructure. The paper seeks to highlight the most pressing issues concerning infrastructure development in the high altitude Himalayas, with a special focus on the communities and the ecology of the region. These issues have been culled from the years of experience of the scholars, scientists, researchers, community workers, and the like working in/belonging to these regions. While the debate on these issues will continue for some time to come, this paper simply intends to throw some light on basic realities and take a holistic perspective to offer solutions.
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