Himalayan VOICES High Himalaya FORUM Himalayan Heritage  
 
Search
 
 > Economy & Livelihoods
 
View more Readings:
MOUNTAIN ISSUES
Environmental Issues
Welfare & Infrastructure Issues
Social Issues, Gender & Indigenous Rights Issues
Poverty & Resource Issues Issues
Geopolitics
Others
ECONOMY AND LIVELIHOOD
Readings that will tell you of the livelihoods of Himalayan people, the various occupational groups and their respective practices, and the economy in Himalayan regions.
Himalayan communities are by and large self-reliant, and nature-dependent. They have evolved from being hunter-gatherers to communities that draw their livelihoods from agriculture and animal husbandry. Hunting-gathering, however, continues to provide significantly for the Himalayan households to this day. This is partly because Nature has been munificent and blessed the region with extensive forests and wild areas that house several plants and animals that serve as food for humans, and also because the remoteness of the region and the consequential isolation of its inhabitants has resulted in relatively low incursions of the monetized economy.
Title: Cattle Management Systems in Humid Subtropical Areas of Western Bhutan
Author: Tamang, N. B. and Perkins, J. M.
Source: Journal of Bhutan Studies
Year: 2005
Publisher: Journal of Bhutan Studies
Abstracts:  A study undertaken on cattle management system in typical Bhutanese farming system in western Bhutan explores the milking practice, cattle migration and grazing management, supplementary feeding, housing and various constraints faced by the herders. The study indicate that majority of herders periodically migrate with their cattle and manage them under traditional “low input - low output system” that allows open-grazing. It also captures the indications of changes occurring in traditional cattle herding lifestyle of the region.
View Article
Download
 
Title: Community-based Mountain Tourism: Practices For Linking Conservation With Enterprise
Author: Godde, Pamela
Source: Mountain Forum 
Year: 1999 
Publisher: The Mountain Institute, Mountain Forum
Abstracts:  As tourism increases in mountain regions around the world, environmental and social impacts also increase. The e-conference that this report is based on, focused on five thematic areas: marketing strategies, organizational structures, local knowledge, gender, and revenue reinvestment. The report gives an account of deliberations and case studies for each theme that would help identify practices and tools to increase the flow of positive benefits to mountain communities and the ecosystems and reducing the negative impacts of tourism. 
View Article
Download
 
Title: Comparative Farming Systems
Author: Turner, B.L. and Brush, S.B.
Source: Guilford Press
Year: 1987
Publisher: Guilford Press
Abstracts:  The paper offers a comprehensive comparative examination of world agriculture, through a series of twelve original case studies. The farming systems explored encompass a broad array of environmental, demographic, and socioeconomic conditions and are categorized based on output intensity, technology and production goals. The contributions include detailed account of agricultural systems in the mid-hills of Nepal.
View Article
Download
 
Title: Improving Food Security and Livelihood of Mountain People Through Development of Agriculture
Author: Sah, Ram P.
Source: Mountain Forum
Year: 2002
Publisher: Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (RONAST), International Seminar on Mountains (March 6-8, 2002)
Abstracts:  The livelihoods of majority of the people in the Hindukush Himalayan Region revolve around agriculture. The paper elucidates the major challenges of the mountain people in the region with particular reference to Nepal, the status of natural resources and food-security. It lays down the requirement of a multi-pronged strategy to improve food security and livelihoods.
View Article
Download
 
Title: Livestock in Mixed Farming Systems of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas
Author: Tulachan, P. M. and Arun, N.
Source: FAO Corporate Document Repository
Year: 1999
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and International Center for Integrated Mountain Development
Abstracts:  This review paper analyses the changes taking place in livestock production management in mixed crop-livestock farming systems in the mid-mountain areas of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas. The study focusses on high-pressure areas of the middle hills of Nepal and the Western Indian Himalayas. It examines the increasing trend of smallholder dairy farming, implications on soil fertility, demand for fodder, changing linkages to the environment and gender aspects in livestock management. It also outlines the strategies for sustainable management of livestock production in the area.
View Article