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WELFARE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ISSUES
Readings on the problems of Himalayan people, those of education, health, sanitation as well as technology and energy.
The Himalayan region consists of isolated valleys with a scatter of villages set amidst high mountain ranges, cut-off from the world due to climatic & infrastructural adversities. The inhabitants of the Himalayan region live a life of hardship, cut-off from the world and suffer a very low HDI in comparison to the populations in neighbouring plains regions. The area is extremely poor in infrastructure and supply of basic welfare services such as education, healthcare, sanitation, and the facilities of transportation, communication, etc., are meager; the quality of services is very poor and breakdowns are frequent.
Title: A Matter of Quality: A Study of People's Perceptions and Expectations from Schooling in Rural and Urban Areas of Uttarakhand
Author: Anonymous
Source: Sansodhan, Research & Advocacy wing of Society for Integrated Development of Himalayas (SIDH)
Year: 2002
Publisher: Society for Integrated Development of Himalayas (SIDH)
Abstracts:  The study shows a gap between what parents expected the school to teach their children in terms of values, ethics, behavior, character building etc and what the schools were actually teaching in rural and urban areas of Uttarakhand. The research, originally designed only to explore people’s perception about the current system of education and how it varied due to literacy, income, gender, age and urbanization, went well beyond the original objectives. It observes that the present system was not attuned to people’s requirements and there is a need to evolve a system relevant to the needs and aspirations of the people.
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Title: Environment and rural development in Darjeeling Himalaya: Issues and concerns
Author: Khawas, V.
Source: Mountain Forum
Year: 2002
Publisher: Mountain Forum
Abstracts:The paper seeks to highlight the major environmental and developmental issues in the Darjeeling Himalayan region. It emphasizes the need for a comprehensive regional strategy for sustainable regional development, capable of addressing social, economic, political, demographic and environmental issues in this fragile, strategic region. The paper provides a detailed account of the socio-economic background of the region and identifies critical factors to be considered for planning.
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Title: Inclusive Education and Child Friendly Schools
Author: Kaushik, A. and Gnanaolivu, S.
Source: Solution Exchange for the Education Community
Year: 2006
Publisher: Solution Exchange, India
Abstracts:   The report summarizes the responses to the issue of inclusive education as a policy and practice. It is based on the discussions generated on a discussion forum organized by Solution Exchange on Inclusive Education and Child-Friendly Schools. Responding to the query, the members discussed the importance of inclusive education, practical issues related to implementing this policy and different strategies for achieving truly inclusive education. The report states that in a country like India, where large dropout rates and teacher absenteeism persist, inclusive education could help embrace all marginalized groups into the folds of the educational system. However, the policy makers will have to address the problems of attitudes and quality of learning to ensure effective implementation of the policies.
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Title: Institutionalising Quality Improvement in Education
Author: Kaushik, A. and Gnanaolivu, S.
Source: Solution Exchange for the Education Community
Year: 2006
Publisher: Solution Exchange, India
Abstracts:  Attainment of educational quality tends to remain an unsolved puzzle, and after more than 10 years of implementation, one issue confronting Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (the education for all - programme run by the Indian government) is - what more is to be done and how. The article compiles the responses to a query raised regarding institutionalizing quality within the education system, hosted on a discussion forum by Solution Exchange, and points out the areas of concern. It also includes probable solutions and examples of innovative programmes provided by the respondents.
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Title: Sustainable development and management of water resource in mountain ecosystem: Some examples from Sikkim Himalaya
Author: Khawas, V.
Source: Mountain Forum
Year: 2004
Publisher: Mountain Forum
Abstracts:  Sustainable development and management of water resources are crucial for the mountain ecosystem. Water plays a vital role in a host of key activities ranging from drinking and other domestic needs to agriculture, industrial use and generation of hydro electrical power. The article seeks to evaluate the importance of water resources in the Sikkim Himalayas and the environmental concerns associated with its various sources. It also identifies environmental strategies for sustainable use of water resource.
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