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POVERTY AND RESOURCE ISSUES
Readings on poverty in the Himalayas and associated issues of livelihoods bottlenecks and food insecurity.
People of high-altitude Himalayas suffer multiple forms of poverty, exacerbated by environmental vulnerability. Apart from the most recognised World Bank form, that of low incomes, they also suffer from resource stress, livelihood insecurity, and exclusion from the mainstream economy, among others. There are very few urban centres and the vast majority of the population lives directly off the land, either as subsistence or as cash-crop farmers. The remoteness and poverty of the region and sparseness of its settlement have hindered the development of secondary and tertiary employment sectors in the area. Economic stagnation & poverty is severe, with a significant parcentage of the population lying below poverty line and high levels of underemployment as well. Small & micro enterprises in the non-agriculture sector are a potential route out of poverty, but the technical skill-base required for such enterprises is lacking.
Title: Improving Food Security and Livelihood of Mountain People Through Development of Agriculture
Author: Sah, Ram P.
Source: Mountain Forum
Year: 2002
Publisher: Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (RONAST), International Seminar on Mountains (March 6-8, 2002)
Abstracts:  The livelihood of majority of the people in the Hindukush Himalayan Region revolves around agriculture. The paper elucidates the major challenges of the mountain people in the region with particular reference to Nepal, the status of natural resources and food-security. It lays down the requirement of a multi-pronged strategy to improve food security and livelihoods.
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Title: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2004) - A Cover Note to the Ninth Plan Main Document
Author: Anonymous
Source: World Bank
Year: 2004
Publisher: Department of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Royal Government of Bhutan
Abstracts:  The main objective of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) by the Royal Government of Bhutan is to strengthen the strategic framework for poverty reduction, improve donor coordination, and build support for new initiatives in public expenditure management and poverty monitoring and evaluation. The document elaborates on several key areas including the country background, the main objectives and strategies of the Ninth Plan including the sectoral strategies, profile of poor, the macroeconomic and the structural and social policies.
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Title: The Tenth Plan: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2002-2007)
Author: Anonymous
Source: National Planning Commission, Nepal
Year: 2003
Publisher: World Bank
Abstracts:  The Tenth Plan document of Nepal provides for sharply focused strategies for poverty alleviation through broad based high and sustainable growth, social sector development with emphasis on human development, targeted programs with emphasis on social inclusion, and improved governance. The paper includes the participatory process for formulation of the plan, the dimensions of Nepal's poverty problem, its manifestations and determinants, along with the key sectoral programs, activities, complementary policies and reforms in the poverty reduction strategy.
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