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CULTURAL RESOURCES
 

The Himalayas are a storehouse of several species of the most rare & valuable species of medicinal & aromatic plants. A bio-geographically unique region, it has the maximum degree of endemism in the Asian region, and its range of altitudes provides it with diverse agro-climatic conditions that support about 18,440 species of plants, of which 25.3% is endemic to the region, and several among these possess medicinal and aromatic properties. Some of these are: Aconitum heterophyllum, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Picrorhiza kurroa, Carum carvi, Angelica glauca, Nardostachys jatamansi. A mammoth ground survey was undertaken by Pragya with traditional healers of the Himalayas for the purpose of inventorying the herbal wealth of the Himalayas. This was followed by a comprehensive documentation of each species, incorporating local information with scientific. The E-Herb database presents a documentation of some of the major species identified during this survey.

 
Species: Achillea millefolium
Family: Compositae (Asteraceae)
Common/Local Name: Common Yarrow, Birnjasif, Millfoil, Sanguinary, Chuang and Chabu (Ladakhi)
Trade Name: Panale, Kutch, Rojmari, Sahastra patri, Gandan, Swetadurva
The yarrow genus of Achillea is named after the Greek hero Achilles, who according to legend used yarrow to heal the wounds of his soldiers during the Trojan War. Another folklore states that Achilles′ mother...
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Species: Aconitum balfourii
Family: Ranunculaceae
Common/Local Name: Meetha vish, Vatsanabh, Vatsanabha, Meetha Vish (Uttaranchal)
Trade Name: Mitha jahar
A. balfourii is valued for its tuberous roots, which contain a medicinally important crystalline toxic alkaloid called pseudoaconitine. Due to unsustainable harvest from the wild for trade and other purposes, the species has...
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Species: Aconitum ferox
Family: Ranunculaceae
Common/Local Name: Indian Aconite, Monkshood, Bikh, Bikhma, Vastanabh, Bachnag, Mithavis
Trade Name: Akphale, Bikh or Bish, Nilo Bish, Nyline
Aconitum ferox is a species of the Ranunculaceae family. It is also known as the Indian Aconite. The density of the plant is higher in the stretch from Central Nepal to Bhutan. The whole plant is highly toxic and simple skin...
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Species: Aconitum heterophyllum
Family: Ranunculaceae
Common/Local Name: Indian Aconite, Atvisha, Atish, Patish (Hindi), Pongar (Bhoti),
Trade Name: Atis
Aconites are among the most used plants in ethno-medicine of the Himalayas. Critically endangered today, Aconitum heterophyllum is also the most highly traded plant in India, being used in all traditional systems...
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Species: Aconitum violaceum
Family: Ranunculaceae
Common/Local Name: Mithi Patish, Dudhi Mohra, Dudhi Atees, Poma-karpo, Yangtso, Dusi Lama, Zinba (Ladakh), Phonker (Spiti), Dudhia Atis (Joshimath), Bongkar-rigs-gryis-pa (Tibetan), Prativisha (Hindi)
Trade Name: Vastanabh
The plant is valued for its roots, which have several ethno-medicinal uses. The plant is extensively used in Tibetan medicine and Ayurveda. Due to unsustainable harvest from the wild for trade and other purposes, the status of...
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Species: Acorus calamus
Family: Araceae
Common/Local Name: Sweet flag, Baryan, Boi, Vacha, Bach
Trade Name: Calamus
Acorus calamus is a semi-aquatic, perennial aromatic herb. It has medicinal uses for a wide variety of ailments. It has been an item of trade in many cultures for thousands of years. A continuing gradual decline of this species...
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Species: Allium carolinianum
Family: Alliaceae/Amaryllidaceae
Common/Local Name: Payaz, Junglee Piyaz, Lawat, Ladam, Markua, Jammu Pharn (Uttaranchal)
Trade Name: Jimboo Pharan
Allium is the onion genus, with about 1250 species, making it one of the largest plant genera in the world. They are perennial bulbous plants that produce chemical compounds that give them a characteristic onion or garlic taste...
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Species: Amomum subulatum
Family: Zingiberaceae
Common/Local Name: Large Cardamom, Greater Indian Cardamom, Nepal Cardamom, Aindri, Sthula ela, Brihatupakunchika, Bari elaichi
Trade Name: Large Cardamom
The botanical species name subulatum is derived from Latin subula meaning “awl”, referring probably to the awl-shaped and pointed leaves. Large cardamom has a fresh and distinct aroma. By virtue of the...
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Species: Angelica glauca
Family: Umbelliferae (Apiaceae)
Common/Local Name: Angelica, Chora, choraka (Hindi), Chura (Lahaul), Chamchora.
Trade Name: Chora
Angelica glauca belongs to the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) family. All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis. The species is endemic to the Himalayas and...
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